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Parašė kalbos | 2013-05-24 13:37

Rodyk draugams

Naudingos nuorodos

Parašė kalbos | 2013-05-24 13:32

Rašybos taisyklės:

http://www.rusyaz.ru/pr/op01.html

Rodyk draugams

Parašė kalbos | 2012-05-17 11:32

auch (tap pat)
ja
nicht
nein
von (iš arba pagal) Beispiel: Ich bin von “TURISTAS”.
auf (ant) Beispiel: Auf dem Tisch.
wieder (vėl)
zweimal (du kart)
verwechseln (supainioti)
fragen (paklausti)
antworten (atsakyti)
wohnen (gyventi) Beispiel: Wo wohnst du?
schreiben (rašyti)
lesen (skaityti)
Zettel (raštelis, pasižymėjimas lapelyje)
Die FRAGEN (Klausimai)
Was? Kas) Beispiel: Was ist das?
Wie? (koks) Beispiel: Wie geht’s?
Woher? (iš kur) Beispiel: Woher kommen sie?
Wo? (kur) Beispiel: Wo wohnst du?
Warum? (kodėl) Beispiel: Warum nicht?
BERUFE (profesijos)
Was ist sie von Beruf? Ich bin Friseuer von Beruf.
Lehrer (mokytoja)
Fahren (vairuotojas)
Pilot
Friseuer (kirpėjas)
Verkäuferin (paradvėja)
Flugbegleiter (stiuardesė)
Polizist (policininkas)
Vyr. prof. + er
Mot. = Vyr.prof. + in
Die ZAHLEN (skaičiai)
null 0
eins 1
zwei   2
drei  3
vier 4
fünf 5
sechs  6
sieben 7
acht    8
neun   9
zehn   10
die Vorwahl (rajono kodas)

Rodyk draugams

Willkommen

Parašė kalbos | 2012-05-17 11:25

GRUß (Pasisveikinimas)
Hallo!
Guten Morgen!
Guten Tag!
ABSCHIED (Atsisveikinimas)
Bis balt! (iki greito)
Bis später!(pasimatysim vėliau)
Bis nachher! (pasimatysime vėliau)
Auf viedersehen (susimatysim)
Auf viederhören (susiklausysim (telefonu kalbant)
Kaip sekasi?
Wie geht’s? Danke, gut
Wie geht es Ihnen? Auch gut, danke
Und Ihnen? Sehr gute
Wunderbar (nuostabiai)
Wundershön
Kuo tu vardu?
Wie ist Ihr Name? Mein Name ist…
Wie heiβen sie? Ich heiβe…
Und du? Ich bin…
Vorname (vardas)
Familienname/Nachname (pavardė)
Iš kur kilęs?
Woher kommen sie? Sie kommen aus Litauen Kommen sie aus Niederland?
Woher kommst du? Ich komme aus Poland Kommst du aus Kanada?
Nein, Ich komme aus Türkei.
Visos šalys dažniausiai yra su artikeliu “das”
Išimtys:
die Türkei
die Shcweiz
die Niederlanden
die USA
die Ukraina
Mandagumas
Danke
Entshuldigung Beispiel: Entshuldigung, wie ist Ihr Name?
Entshuldigen Beispiel: Entshuldigen sie, ich suche…
bitte Beispiel: bitteschön (labai prašom) Wie bitte?
Prost! (į sveikatą) Beispiel: Prost Neujahr!
gut Beispiel: auch gut

Rodyk draugams

Naudingi išsireiškimai

Parašė kalbos | 2012-04-24 10:56

I am coming to you - aš einu pas tave (šiuo momentu)

dealing with difficult people - bendravimas su sunkiais žmonėmis

helpful ways - naudingi būdai

put the blame on yourself (myself)- kaltinti save

I can only blame myself - aš galiu kaltinti tik save

Rodyk draugams

Prepositions - prielinksniai

Parašė kalbos | 2012-04-19 09:36

Prepositions are short words (on, in, to) that usually stand in front of nouns (sometimes also in front of gerund verbs).

Even advanced learners of English find prepositions difficult, as a 1:1 translation is usually not possible. One preposition in your native language might have several translations depending on the situation.

There are hardly any rules as to when to use which preposition. The only way to learn prepositions is looking them up in a dictionary, reading a lot in English (literature) and learning useful phrases off by heart (study tips).

The following table contains rules for some of the most frequently used prepositions in English:

————————————————————————————

 

Prielinksniai yra trumpi žodžiai, kurie paprastai stovi priekyje daiktavardžių (kartais susieja linksnį su veiksmažodžiu).
Net
išplėstinai besimokantiems anglų kalbos supranta, prielinksnius sunku, ar pažodinis vertimas paprastai yra neįmanomas. Vienas prielinksnis savo gimtąja kalba gali turėti keletą vertimų, priklausomai nuo situacijos.
Vargu ar yra kokių nors kada kurį prielinksnį taisyklės. Vienintelis būdas išmokti prielinksnius ieškoti žodyne, skaityti daug anglų straipsnio literatūra) ir išmokti naudingų frazių.
Šioje lentelėje pateikiama, keletas dažniausiai vartojamų anglų kalbos prielinksnių, taisyklės:
 

 

 

Usage - Vartojimas

Example

on

days of the week

on Monday

in

months / seasons

time of day

year

after a certain period of time (when?)

in August / in winter

in the morning

in 2006

in an hour

at

for night

for weekend

a certain point of time (when?)

at night

at the weekend

at half past nine

since

from a certain point of time (past till now)

since 1980

for

over a certain period of time (past till now)

for 2 years

ago

a certain time in the past

2 years ago

before

earlier than a certain point of time

before 2004

to

telling the time

ten to six (5:50)

past

telling the time

ten past six (6:10)

to / till / until

marking the beginning and end of a period of time

from Monday to/till Friday

till / until

in the sense of how long something is going to last

He is on holiday until Friday.

by

in the sense of at the latest

up to a certain time

I will be back by 6 o’clock.

By 11 o’clock, I had read five pages.

 Prepositions – Place (Position and Direction)(Vietos)

 

Usageb - Vartojimas

Example

in

room, building, street, town, country

book, paper etc.

car, taxi

picture, world

in the kitchen, in London

in the book

in the car, in a taxi

in the picture, in the world

at

meaning next to, by an object

for table

for events

place where you are to do something typical (watch a film, study, work)

at the door, at the station

at the table

at a concert, at the party

at the cinema, at school, at work

on

attached

for a place with a river

being on a surface

for a certain side (left, right)

for a floor in a house

for public transport

for television, radio

the picture on the wall

London lies on the Thames.

on the table

on the left

on the first floor

on the bus, on a plane

on TV, on the radio

by, next to, beside

left or right of somebody or something

Jane is standing by / next to / beside the car.

under

on the ground, lower than (or covered by) something else

the bag is under the table

below

lower than something else but above ground

the fish are below the surface

over

covered by something else

meaning more than

getting to the other side (also across)

overcoming an obstacle

put a jacket over your shirt

over 16 years of age

walk over the bridge

climb over the wall

above

higher than something else, but not directly over it

a path above the lake

across

getting to the other side (also over)

getting to the other side

walk across the bridge

swim across the lake

through

something with limits on top, bottom and the sides

drive through the tunnel

to

movement to person or building

movement to a place or country

for bed

go to the cinema

go to London / Ireland

go to bed

into

enter a room / a building

go into the kitchen / the house

towards

movement in the direction of something (but not directly to it)

go 5 steps towards the house

onto

movement to the top of something

jump onto the table

from

in the sense of where from

a flower from the garden

 

Other important Prepositions

 

 

Usage - Vartojimas

Example

from

who gave it

a present from Jane

of

who/what does it belong to

what does it show

a page of the book

the picture of a palace

by

who made it

a book by Mark Twain

on

walking or riding on horseback

entering a public transport vehicle

on foot, on horseback

get on the bus

in

entering a car  / Taxi

get in the car

off

leaving a public transport vehicle

get off the train

out of

leaving a car  / Taxi

get out of the taxi

by

rise or fall of something

travelling (other than walking or horseriding)

prices have risen by 10 percent

by car, by bus

at

for age

she learned Russian at 45

about

for topics, meaning what about

we were talking about you

 
 

 

Rodyk draugams

Simple Present (Present Simple) - paprastas dabartinis laikas

Parašė kalbos | 2012-04-12 12:23

Paprastas dabartinis laikas naudojamas, kai kažkas vyksta vieną kartą, niekada ar kelis kartus. Jis taip pat naudojamas veiksmams, kurie vyksta vienas po kito ir veiksmus, kokie numatyti tvarkaraštį arba darbo grafike. Taip pat išreiškia faktus dabartyje.

Formos

Be – būti

Naudojama:

· am with the personal pronoun II

· is with the personal pronouns he, she or it (or with the singular form of nouns)

· are with the personal pronouns we, you or they (or with the plural form of nouns)

Pvz.  I am hungry.

teigimas

neigimas

klausimas

I

I am.

I am not.

Am I?

he/she/it

He is.

He is not.

Is he?

you/we/they

You are.

You are not.

Are you?

Have - turėti

Naudojama:

· have with the personal pronouns I, you, we und they (or with the plural form of nouns)

· has with the personal pronouns he, she, it (or with the singular form of nouns)

Pvz: I have a dog. / I have got a dog.

‘have got’ is mainly used in British English. You can also use ‘have’ on its own (especially in American English). In this case, however, you must form negative sentences and questions with the auxiliary verb ‘do’ (see ‘All other verbs’).

‘have got’ daugiausia naudojama Britų anglų kalba. Taip pat galite naudoti ‘have’ savo (ypač Amerikos anglų). Tačiau šiuo atveju, jūs turite sudaryti neigiamus sakinius ir klausimus pagalbinis veiksmažodis ‘do’ (žr. “Visos kitos kalbos veiksmažodžiai).

teigiama

neigiama

klausimas

I/you/we/they

I have got. / I have.

I have not got. / I do not have.

Have I got? / Do I have?

he/she/it

He has got. / He has.

He has not got. / He does not have.

Has he got? / Does he have?

Visi kiti veiksmažodžiai:

Naudojama:

· the infinite verb (play) with the personal pronouns I, you, we and they (or with the plural form of nouns)

· the verb + s (plays) with the personal pronouns he, she, it (or with the singular form of nouns)

affirmative

negative

question

I/you/we/they

I play.

I do not play.

Do I play?

he/she/it

He plays.

He does not play.

Does he play?

Patarimai, kaip formuoti neigiamus sakinius ir klausimus

Neigiami sakiniai ir klausimai sudaroma su pagalbiniu veiksmažodžiu ‘do’.

Trečias amsuo  vienaskaitoje iš ‘do’ daromas ‘does’.

Trečias asmuo vienaskaitoje dažniausiai sudaromas pridedant - s.

Tačiau yra kelios išimtys:

!!!Veiksmažodžiams can, may, might, must išlieka nepakitę. Nepridedame - s.

Pvz.: he can, she may, it must

Veiksmažodžiai besibaigiantys  o ar šnypščiantis (ch, sh, s, x) pridedama es vietoj s.

Pvz.: do - he does, wash - she washes

A final y after a consonant becomes ie before s.

Pvz.: worry - he worries

But: A final y after a vowel (a, e, i, o, u) is not modified.

Pvz.: play - he plays

Rodyk draugams

Present Perfect Simple

Parašė kalbos | 2012-04-12 12:23

Simple expresses an action that is still going on or that stopped recently, but has an influence on the present. It puts emphasis on the result.

The present perfect išreiškia veiksmą, kuris vis dar vyksta ar kad nutrauktas neseniai, tačiau turi įtakos dabarčiai. Jis akcentuoja rezultatą.

Formos Present Perfect

 

Teigiamas

Neigiamas

Klausimas

I / you / we / they

I have spoken.

I have not spoken.

Have I spoken?

he / she / it

He has spoken.

He has not spoken.

Has he spoken?

For irregular (netaisiklingiems veiksmažodžiams) verbs, use the participle form (3 stulpelis netaisiklingų veiksmažodžių temoje). For regular(taisiklingiems) verbs, just add ed.

Pavyzdys:

Exceptions in spelling when adding ed

Example

after a final e only add d

love – loved

final consonant after a short, stressed vowel
or l as final consonant after a vowel is doubled

admit – admitted
travel – travelled

final y after a consonant becomes i

hurry – hurried

Naudojimas Present Perfect

Naudojamas rezultatui išreikšti:

She has written five letters.

· Veikla, kuri vis dar vyksta:

School has not started yet.

Neseniai nutraukta veikla:

She has cooked dinner.

Baigtas veiksmas, kuris turi įtakos dabarčiai:

I have lost my key.

Ėmėsi veiksmų, kurie vyko kartą, niekada ar kelis kartus iki kalbėjimo momento:

I have never been to Australia.

Signaliniai žodžiai Present Perfect

Already, ever, just, never, not yet, so far, till now, up to now

 

Rodyk draugams

Parašė kalbos | 2012-04-12 11:42

Eil. Nr. I pagrindinė forma (bendratis) II pagrindinė forma (būtasis laikas) III pagrindinė forma (būtojo laiko dalyvis) Reikšmė
1 arise arose arisen pasirodyti, pakilti, pabusti
2 be was, were been būti
3 beat beat beaten suduoti, mušti
4 become became become tapti (kuo)
5 begin began begun pradėti
6 bite bit bitten kąsti
7 blow blew blown pūsti
8 break broke broken laužyti, daužyti
9 bring brought brought atnešti
10 build built built statyti
11 burn burnt burnt degti, deginti
12 buy bought bought pirkti
13 catch caught caught gaudyti, sugauti
14 choose chose chosen rinkti, pa(si)rinkti
15 come came come ateiti
16 cost cost cost kainuoti
17 cut cut cut pjauti, kirsti
18 deal dealt dealt turėti reikalų
19 dig dug dug kasti
20 do did done daryti
21 draw drew drawn piešti, brėžti liniją; tempti, traukti
22 drink drank drunk gerti
23 drive drove driven vairuoti; varyti
24 eat ate eaten valgyti
25 fall fell fallen kristi
26 feel felt felt jausti
27 fight fought fought kovoti, kariauti
28 find found found (su)rasti, išsiaiškinti
29 fly flew flown skristi
30 forbid forbade, forbad forbidden uždrausti
31 forget forgot forgotten užmiršti
32 forgive forgave forgiven atleisti
33 freeze froze frozen sušalti, užšalti
34 get got got gauti, pasiekti
35 give gave given duoti
36 go went gone eiti, važiuoti
37 grow grew grown augti, auginti; darytis
38 hang hung hung kabėti, pakabinti
39 have had had turėti
40 hear heard heard girdėti
41 hide hid hidden slėpti
42 hold held held laikyti
43 hurt hurt hurt sužeisti, įskaudinti
44 keep kept kept laikyti, saugoti (paslaptį)
45 know knew known žinoti
46 lay laid laid (pa)dėti
47 lead led led vesti, vadovauti
48 learn learnt (learned) learnt (learned) mokytis, išmokti, sužinoti
49 leave left left palikti
50 lend lent lent (pa)skolinti
51 let let let leisti
52 lie lay lain gulėti
53 lose lost lost pralaimėti, pamesti
54 make made made (pa)daryti, gaminti
55 mean meant meant reikšti, turėti galvoje
56 meet met met su(si)tikti (ką nors)
57 pay paid paid mokėti (pinigus)
58 put put put (pa)dėti (ką nors)
59 read [i:] read [e] read [e] skaityti
60 ride rode ridden joti
61 ring rang rung skambėti, skambinti
62 rise rose risen keltis, atsistoti
63 run ran run bėgti
64 say said said sakyti
65 see saw seen matyti
66 seek sought sought ieškoti
67 sell sold sold parduoti
68 send sent sent siųsti
69 set up set up set up pastatyti
70 shake shook shaken kratyti
71 shine shone shone šviesti
72 shoot shot shot šauti
73 show showed shown rodyti
74 shut shut shut uždaryti
75 sing sang sung dainuoti
76 sit sat sat sėdėti
77 sleep slept slept miegoti
78 speak spoke spoken kalbėti
79 spend spent spent (iš)leisti, praleisti
80 spoil spoilt, spoiled spoilt, spoiled gadinti
81 spread spread spread sklisti
82 stand stood stood stovėti
83 steal stole stolen vogti
84 stick stuck stuck smeigti; klijuoti
85 strike struck struck suduoti, mušti
86 swear swore sworn prisiekti
87 swim swam swum plaukti
88 take took taken imti
89 teach taught taught mokyti
90 tear tore torn plėšyti
91 tell told told pasakyti, pasakoti
92 think thought thought galvoti, manyti
93 throw threw thrown mesti
94 understand understood understood suprasti
95 wake woke, waked woke(n) pabusti, žadinti
96 wear wore worn dėvėti, nešioti
97 weep wept wept verkti
98 win won won laimėti
99 wind wound wound pasukti, prisukti, sukti(s)
## write wrote written rašyti

Rodyk draugams

Abecele

Parašė kalbos | 2012-04-12 11:18

Raidė Tarimas
Aa ei
Bb bi
Cc si
Dd di
Ee i
Ff ef
Gg dži
Hh eitč
Ii ai
Jj džei
Kk kei
Ll el
Mm em
Nn en
Oo eu
Pp pi
Qq kju
Rr a(r)
Ss es
Tt ti
Uu ju
Vv vi
Ww dablju
Xx eks
Yy wai
Zz zed

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