Prepositions are short words (on, in, to) that usually stand in front of nouns (sometimes also in front of gerund verbs).

Even advanced learners of English find prepositions difficult, as a 1:1 translation is usually not possible. One preposition in your native language might have several translations depending on the situation.

There are hardly any rules as to when to use which preposition. The only way to learn prepositions is looking them up in a dictionary, reading a lot in English (literature) and learning useful phrases off by heart (study tips).

The following table contains rules for some of the most frequently used prepositions in English:

————————————————————————————

 

Prielinksniai yra trumpi žodžiai, kurie paprastai stovi priekyje daiktavardžių (kartais susieja linksnį su veiksmažodžiu).
Net
išplėstinai besimokantiems anglų kalbos supranta, prielinksnius sunku, ar pažodinis vertimas paprastai yra neįmanomas. Vienas prielinksnis savo gimtąja kalba gali turėti keletą vertimų, priklausomai nuo situacijos.
Vargu ar yra kokių nors kada kurį prielinksnį taisyklės. Vienintelis būdas išmokti prielinksnius ieškoti žodyne, skaityti daug anglų straipsnio literatūra) ir išmokti naudingų frazių.
Šioje lentelėje pateikiama, keletas dažniausiai vartojamų anglų kalbos prielinksnių, taisyklės:
 

 

 

Usage - Vartojimas

Example

on

days of the week

on Monday

in

months / seasons

time of day

year

after a certain period of time (when?)

in August / in winter

in the morning

in 2006

in an hour

at

for night

for weekend

a certain point of time (when?)

at night

at the weekend

at half past nine

since

from a certain point of time (past till now)

since 1980

for

over a certain period of time (past till now)

for 2 years

ago

a certain time in the past

2 years ago

before

earlier than a certain point of time

before 2004

to

telling the time

ten to six (5:50)

past

telling the time

ten past six (6:10)

to / till / until

marking the beginning and end of a period of time

from Monday to/till Friday

till / until

in the sense of how long something is going to last

He is on holiday until Friday.

by

in the sense of at the latest

up to a certain time

I will be back by 6 o’clock.

By 11 o’clock, I had read five pages.

 Prepositions – Place (Position and Direction)(Vietos)

 

Usageb - Vartojimas

Example

in

room, building, street, town, country

book, paper etc.

car, taxi

picture, world

in the kitchen, in London

in the book

in the car, in a taxi

in the picture, in the world

at

meaning next to, by an object

for table

for events

place where you are to do something typical (watch a film, study, work)

at the door, at the station

at the table

at a concert, at the party

at the cinema, at school, at work

on

attached

for a place with a river

being on a surface

for a certain side (left, right)

for a floor in a house

for public transport

for television, radio

the picture on the wall

London lies on the Thames.

on the table

on the left

on the first floor

on the bus, on a plane

on TV, on the radio

by, next to, beside

left or right of somebody or something

Jane is standing by / next to / beside the car.

under

on the ground, lower than (or covered by) something else

the bag is under the table

below

lower than something else but above ground

the fish are below the surface

over

covered by something else

meaning more than

getting to the other side (also across)

overcoming an obstacle

put a jacket over your shirt

over 16 years of age

walk over the bridge

climb over the wall

above

higher than something else, but not directly over it

a path above the lake

across

getting to the other side (also over)

getting to the other side

walk across the bridge

swim across the lake

through

something with limits on top, bottom and the sides

drive through the tunnel

to

movement to person or building

movement to a place or country

for bed

go to the cinema

go to London / Ireland

go to bed

into

enter a room / a building

go into the kitchen / the house

towards

movement in the direction of something (but not directly to it)

go 5 steps towards the house

onto

movement to the top of something

jump onto the table

from

in the sense of where from

a flower from the garden

 

Other important Prepositions

 

 

Usage - Vartojimas

Example

from

who gave it

a present from Jane

of

who/what does it belong to

what does it show

a page of the book

the picture of a palace

by

who made it

a book by Mark Twain

on

walking or riding on horseback

entering a public transport vehicle

on foot, on horseback

get on the bus

in

entering a car  / Taxi

get in the car

off

leaving a public transport vehicle

get off the train

out of

leaving a car  / Taxi

get out of the taxi

by

rise or fall of something

travelling (other than walking or horseriding)

prices have risen by 10 percent

by car, by bus

at

for age

she learned Russian at 45

about

for topics, meaning what about

we were talking about you

 
 

 

Patiko (5)

Rodyk draugams